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Page history last edited by PBworks 17 years, 9 months ago

Marcus Garvey and the UNIA

the slogan of the U.N.I.A. is,"Africa for Africans, Those At Home and Those Abroad."

Convinced that uniting blacks was the only way to improve their condition, Garvey launched the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)and African Communities League (ACL) and became its first president. Garvey said that he established this organization to "unite all people of African ancestry of the world to one great body to establish a country and absolutely government of their own".

The Universal Negro Improvement Association – expanded not only in the US but around the world from 1916 through 1923. By 1920 the movement felt strong enough to convene a world convention representing Black people. The convention was a truly universal affair, with representation of the Negros from around the world. It was held in New York City with approximately 2,000 delegates and other members from U.N.I.A. Chapters in 25 countries, on four continents.


From 1923 or 1924 onwards Garveyism went into decline. This decline was partly due to internal contradictions, faction fights, and personality conflicts within the organization. Garvey was imprisoned in 1923 by the US Government for alleged fraud in connection with supposed misappropriation of funds related to the Black Star Lines. However, the evidence against him was of unsure character, and he was pardoned by the president of the United States in 1927, before the completion of his jail term. Upon his release, Garvey was immediately deported to Jamaica and was never allowed to set foot in the US again. This contributed to the decline of the movement.


The UNIA Flag


The three colors of the UNIA Flag represent:

red: the blood that unites all people of African ancestry, and shed for liberation;

black: black people whose existence as a nation, though not a nation-state, is affirmed by the existence of the flag; and

green: the abundant natural wealth of Africa


the official website of the UNIA is(http://www.unia-acl.org/ )

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